| Decision support tools (DST) provide a structured link between a management question and the knowledge base necessary to address that question. DST can help to formalise the process of decision making. They are interactive computer-based systems that help decision makers to utilise data and models in order to solve unstructured problems.
Expert Systems, also termed knowledge-based systems, they use models that mimic the way decisions are reached by experts or formalize the decision-making process.
DST are commonly used in the management of fisheries but in MEECE they go a step further and now include other human pressures such as pollution and non-indigenous species or an environmental driver, i.e. climate.
Examples of the Expert Systems developed during MEECE and how they can be applied in support of policy decisions can be found in the accompanying fact sheet.
| Examplse of some of the Decision Support Tools developed by MEECE include:
1. Information synthesis: tools which essentially synthesize monitoring data into meaningful metrics summarizing the structure and function of marine ecosystem state.
2. Expert systems: tools that mimic the way decisions are reached by experts.
3. Scenario planning: tools involving numerical models which can simulate and predict changes in the state of marine ecosystems in response to different management and climate driven scenarios.
For a full list of the systems developed and their results, see the Deliverable Report on Decision Support Tools.
Descision Support Tools explained